China is stepping up its efforts to encourage childbirth with the third child policy written into the population and family planning law what are the takeaways of the latest revised law and how will china implement its supportive measures for child bearing and parenting additionally the government recently announced regulations barring off-campus tutoring for students on weekends and holidays what does it mean for kids and their parents as well as the education industry.
The abolition of a social maintenance fees and other restrictive measures the amendment highlights the implementation of the third child policy as well as supportive measures the situation people are basically talking about the looming demographic crisis in china.
When we see the policies currently step by step and very quickly people see this in happening in a few months we must look back to see a few several years ago actually when the second child policy was announced about five years ago the preparation work has already been started as to loosening up the whole family planning policy in the long run so starting from there investigations research works have already been studied to conduct as la in addition to this population sensors work when there are about 1 million people volunteer as well as professionals were started to prepare for the census research and the data to be collected more effectively to come up with a long-term policy towards china’s family planning or the child birth policy so it is a several years at least or maybe longer preparation towards.
The finally coming up of the third child policy this year and with regard to the effectiveness of this policy as well as the supporting measures to mention that people who are willing to have the third the second or third children they may already have that and this policy to is to encourage people especially young couples who are not having even one child one child or a long-term family plan or even have one child but would like to have more so this policy is targeting these kind of couples young couples in the long run and also the supporting measures.
in opinion is need needs to be more effective than the policy itself we are waiting to see whether these policies can be implemented implemented and actually executed through many government agencies non-government agencies as well as institutes and all the social groups their joint efforts to support these measures to be effect to be accurate exit executed more effectively so that these the third child policy can be fully implemented.
People are happy to see that it is not only a policy but it has already been put into a law so that means that there is no irreversible policy towards this one and the government as well as the society is very serious in conducting this policy and as well as the law obviously it’s a comprehensive approach and also the government can’t stress the importance about the importance of such a policy so professor toker obviously china is not the only country which is dealing with this demographic challenge look at the developed nations as well as some other asian countries like south korea japan thailand and of course germany and many other european countries there’s a similar challenge.
the situation in france is considered to be relatively positive it is not satisfactory but it is relatively positive in comparison to the other european nations or more generally in comparison to other well-developed industrialized countries the the fertility rate per woman in france is 188 believe the rate in china as the last census has shown is only 1.3 just in order to situate it in germany for example the rate is 1.57 in italy it’s 1.29 even below the chinese right now so all these countries had that kind of challenge and China trying to apply specific policies now what we see over a long a very long period of time several decades is that the efficiency of demographic fertility so-called our policies is limited we see as a whole it’s true in france it’s true in germany it’s through over other continents when it comes to developed countries it is a sufficiently difficult to bring up the fertility rate it’s not as difficult as that to bring it down and one more point which make things even more complicated both for planning and for observation is that we see once again over a long period of time that once a country succeeds in bringing down the number of births.
then it’s very difficult to change course and bring it up once again so there are many the many minds if we say so over the field of centralized demographic policies and it would be extremely interesting to see which way would the the figures speak in china once this new law is on its way well.
if look at the numbers that’s why obviously members somehow lead this anxiety of chinese policymakers for example 2020 the year you see these new babies 12 million of them that’s actually a drop in the fourth consecutive year in terms of the newborns and then of course fertility rate is a 1.3 is lower than the internationally agreed sensitive line we call it like red line 1.5 but the government is talking about these policies in different areas taxation schooling et cetera housing is not exactly clear yet.